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Commonly Asked Questions

Appears in Georgia Aquarium's:
  • Spider Crabs Habitat (Cold Water Quest)

Range / Habitat

  • Occurs in temperate waters in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, as well as the Indo-West Pacific.
  • Found between seabed and midwater on the lower continental shelf over sandy bottom at depths ranging 82-1968 feet (25-600 m), though most commonly 164-1148 feet (50-350 m)
  • Adult normally lives near the bottom while juvenile occupies near-surface waters.

Physical Characteristics

  • Adult commonly grows to 4.7 inches (12 cm) and reaches maximum length of about 7.8 inches (20 cm).
  • Oval-shaped, compressed rigid body with scutes on the underside.
  • Coloration is reddish-pink fading to silvery below.
  • Has a long snout that makes up about one-quarter of its body length. Mouth is at tip of snout.
  • Second dorsal spine is long and serrated.

Diet / Feeding

  • Juvenile feeds on pelagic invertebrates.
  • Adult preys on bottom invertebrates.

Reproduction / Growth

Oviparous; produce eggs outside the body to hatch

Conservation Status

  • “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List.

Additional Information

  • Member of the Sygnathid family and related to seahorses and sea dragons.
  • Populations in the North Atlantic believed to spawn in the winter months.
  • Preyed upon by a range of bony fish, sharks and rays.