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Commonly Asked Questions

Appears in Georgia Aquarium's:
  • Ocean Voyager

Range / Habitat

  • Occurs in the Western Atlantic from Massachusetts southward, throughout the Gulf of Mexico, Central and South American coasts to Brazil, with scattered locales in the West Indies. Absent from clear waters of the Bahamas.
  • Found in coastal waters, commonly near bays and estuaries in depths to about 230 feet (70 m).
  • Juveniles seen around sandy beaches exposed to wave action and are absent from insular areas with coralline habitats.

Physical Characteristics

  • Deep, silvery body. The back may be dark. Juveniles have a yellowish coloration on the belly, anal fin and caudal fin.
  • Reaches about 25 inches (64 cm) in length. Its maximum published weight is 8.3 lbs. (3.7 kg).

Diet / Feeding

  • Diet consists of mollusks, crustaceans, other invertebrates and small fish.

Conservation Status

  • “Not Evaluated” on the IUCN Red List.

Additional Information

  • Aggregates in various size schools, often swimming rapidly.
  • Popular food and sport fish with great potential as an aquaculture species.

Peterson Field Guides – Atlantic Coast Fishes. Robins, C.R. and Ray, G.C., pg. 164