close map

Commonly Asked Questions

Appears in Georgia Aquarium's:
  • Ocean Voyager

Range / Habitat

  • Occurs in the Indo-Pacific from Southern African to Australia and Papua New Guinea. Widely distributed, but patchy populations.
  • Found in tropical shallow waters, inshore on sandy substrates commonly at depths below 164 feet (50 m), with a maximum recorded range at 328 feet (100 m).

Physical Characteristics

  • Spade-like shape, predominantly brownish gray with elongated, thorny tail.
  • Maximum length 41 inches (104 cm).

Diet / Feeding

  • Diet consists of crustaceans and small fish.

Reproduction / Growth

  • Ovoviparous. Eggs develop inside mother’s body and hatch inside. Animals are then born live.

Conservation Status

  • “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List.
  • Southeast Asian population listed as “Vulnerable” due to fishing pressures for valuable skin.

Additional Information

  • Other common names include “Jenkins Whipray,” “Brown Stingray,” and “Sharpnose Stingray.”
  • Skin is highly valuable due to large thorns on tail.
  • Caught with demersal tangle nets, bottom trawl and longline fisheries for its meat, cartilage and skin.
  • T.E.D.s and other exclusion devices have greatly reduced bycatch of this species.