• Size

    5.9-9.8 inches (15-25 cm)
  • Diet

    Fish, shrimp, zooplankton
  • Range

    Eastern Atlantic along the west African coast
  • Habitat

    Brackish, marine and freshwater mixtures

Physical Characteristics

  • Coloration ranges from silver to gray, with four gray or black lines extending vertically down the body:
    • one through the eye along the face
    • one through the gill slits
    • one starting at the tip of the dorsal fin and extending down the back half of the body
    • one extending through the caudal peduncle
  • Common length is 5.9-9.8 inches (15-25 cm).
  • Body shape is diamond-like, with an extended distance between spine and belly that gives this species a square-like look.
  • Pelvic fins are present on juvenile but nearly or fully absent in adults.

Diet / Feeding

  • Diet consists of fish, shrimp and zooplankton.

Range / Habitat

  • Occurs in the Eastern Atlantic along the West African coast, from Cape Verde to Angola..
  • Found in brackish, marine and fresh water mixtures, commonly in estuaries, lagoons and marshes.
  • Can also be found farther into bodies of fresh water and in shallow bay or harbor areas of the sea.

Reproduction & Growth

  • Females lay 15,000 or more eggs that hatch after 24 hours.
  • Males and females form distinct pairs for mating.
  • Reproduction usually takes place in estuaries or lagoons, despite the wide variety of habitats for the African moony.

Conservation Status

  • “Not Evaluated” on the IUCN Red List.


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