Size3.5 inches (9 cm)
DietFilamentous green and red algae, tunicates, corals, bryozoans, polychaetes, echinoderms, mollusks, brown and coralline red algae
HabitatCoral heads and rocks of subtidal lagoon and seaward reefs
- White with light brown spots and four dark brown to blackish saddles. The middle two saddles extend down to form two prominent dark bars extending from back to belly.
- Can reach a length of 4.3 inches (11 cm), although averages 3.5 inches (9 cm).
The black-saddled toby will often form large, mixed shoals with other species of tropical fishes.
- Diet consists of filamentous green and red algae, tunicates. To lesser extent, small amounts of corals, bryozoans, polychaetes, echinoderms, mollusks, brown and coralline red algae.
- Occurs in the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa and east to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island and throughout Micronesia.
- Found among coral heads and rocks of subtidal lagoon and seaward reefs in depths of about 3.3 to 180 feet (1–55 m).
- Male is known to be territorial and maintain a harem. The dominant male in the harem will spawn with a different female each day.
- “Not Evaluated” on the IUCN Red List.
- Forms shoals (with 10 to 100 individuals or more) often mixed with the filefish, Paraluteres prionurus (about 5% of shoal), which mimics the toby to protect itself from predators.
- This toby is poisonous.
- Also known as “Valentinni’s sharpnose puffer.”
- Reef Fish Identification. Allen, G., Steene, R., Humann, P., and Deloach, N., pg 419