This small stingray is widespread through the Indo-Pacific, where it hunts small crustaceans such as crabs and shrimp. This ray will bury itself in the sand to rest and hide from predators.
  • Size

    28 inches (70 cm)
  • Diet

    Crabs and shrimps and occasionally small fishes
  • Range

  • Habitat

    Deeper water on sandy bottoms near rocky or coral reefs

Physical Characteristics

  • Body disc is flattened and slightly diamond-shaped, with a short, angular snout and tail as long as the body. Venomous spine on tail.
  • Coloration is red-brown to yellow-brown with bright blue spots and small black spots on dorsal surface and a darker brown bar crossing over the eyes. Ventral surface is off-white. Clear black and white rings encircle the end of the tail.
  • Maximum length of 28 inches (70 cm).

Animal Fact

Stingrays sting with a venomous spine at the base of the tail.

Diet / Feeding

  • Diet primarily consists of crabs and shrimps and occasionally small fishes.

Range / Habitat

  • Occurs in the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa and Tonga, north to Japan and south to Australia.
  • Typically found in deeper water on sandy bottoms near rocky or coral reefs at depths to 558 feet (170 m).

Reproduction & Growth

  • Ovoviviparous species. Embryo is nourished first by yolk and later by indirectly absorbing uterine fluid. Female gives live birth to a litter of one or two pups.

Conservation Status

  • “Data Deficient” on the IUCN Red List.
  • Commonly caught by bottom trawls, trammel nets and fish traps.

Additional Information

  • Other common names include “bluespotted stingray” and “blue-spotted maskray.”
  • May be confused with the bluespotted ribbontail ray, Taeniura lymma, although blue-spotted stingray has a more angular disc and narrower tail with conspicuous black and white rings.
  • Solitary species. Occasionally covers body in sand with only the eyes and tail exposed.
  • Not an aggressive species, although venomous spine may deliver a painful sting.
  • Used for food, but is not a highly valued catch due to small body size.


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