The tiger shark is one of the most dangerous sharks to humans in terms of number of attacks recorded, second only to the white shark. They are curious and aggressive in contact with humans and they are the largest of the requiem sharks. Other common names include the leopard shark, maneater shark, and spotted shark.
  • Size

    May grow longer than 16 feet (4.9 m) and weigh more than 1,400 pounds (635 kg).
  • Diet

    Diet consists of many species of bony fish, sharks, rays, marine mammals (such as seals and dolphins), marine reptiles (such as turtles and sea snakes), invertebrates (such as crustaceans, cephalopods and jellies) and sea birds.
  • Range

    Occurs in tropical and temperature ocean environments worldwide.
  • Habitat

    Found on or near continental shelves or islands and coral reefs. Occasionally found in river estuaries and harbors.

Physical Characteristics

  • Juvenile has tiger-like stripes, which give this species its name. Stripes fade as shark grows into adulthood but are still visible.
  • Unlike many shark species, the male tiger shark is larger than the female.
  • May grow longer than 16 feet (4.9 m) and weigh more than 1,400 pounds (635 kg).
  • One of the largest carnivores in the ocean.
  • Broad, wedge shaped head with blunt snout.
  • Coloration is dark gray to bluish or greenish-grey on the dorsal surface. Underside is stark white.

Animal Fact

The tiger shark is one of the largest carnivores in the ocean.

Diet / Feeding

  • Diet of the tiger shark is one of the most diverse of any shark.
  • Diet consists of many species of bony fish, sharks, rays, marine mammals (such as seals and dolphins), marine reptiles (such as turtles and sea snakes), invertebrates (such as crustaceans, cephalopods and jellies) and sea birds.
  • Known to consume almost any type of marine debris that ends up in the ocean.

Range / Habitat

  • Occurs in tropical and temperature ocean environments worldwide.
  • Found on or near continental shelves or islands and coral reefs. Occasionally found in river estuaries and harbors.

Reproduction & Growth

  • Both male and female will have multiple mates and will not form pair bonds.
  • Only species of the family Carcharhinidae (requiem sharks) that does not use a placenta to nourish developing embryos.
  • Gestation usually takes 13-16 months.
  • Litter size of 10-82 pups.
  • Female may mate again even before giving birth to current litter.

Sources

www.fishbase.org

www.iucnredlist.org

www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish

www.arkive.org

www.animaldiversity.org

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