Size14 inches (35.6 cm)
DietSessile invertebrates, algae, sponges and plankton
RangeEastern Pacific from the Sea of Cortez to Ecuador and Peru, including the Galapagos Islands
HabitatClear water on rocky reefs and in coral areas
- Adults can reach about 14 inches (35.6 cm) in length.
- Adult king angelfish is a mottled dark blue-gray color with a white bar extending from the dorsal fin to the level of the pectoral fin, tapering at its lower end. The fan-shaped caudal fin is orange-yellow, as are the pectoral fins.
- Juvenile has a different color pattern than the adult, displaying a brown and orange body with narrow vertical blue bars on its sides and blue margins on the dorsal and anal fins. It also has a blue bar behind the eye.
- King angelfish feeds during the day on sessile invertebrates and algae, and most frequently preys on sponges. It also consumes plankton.
- King angelfish occur in the tropical Eastern Pacific from the Sea of Cortez to Ecuador and Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.
- Adults are found in clear water on rocky reefs and in coral areas at depths from about 13 to 98 feet (4 – 30 m).
- Juveniles hide in reef crevices and seldom venture far from cover. They also may be encountered in tide pools.
- Reproduction takes place in late summer, with spawning occurring daily throughout the lunar cycle.
- This species pair-bonds during spawning season and the female defends its territory aggressively.
- “Not Evaluated” on the IUCN Red List.
- Occurs alone, in pairs (usually during breeding season) or in aggregations with other king angelfish or sometimes with Cortez angelfish (Pomacanthus zonipectus).
- Juvenile king angelfish exhibit cleaning behavior.
- Also is called the “Passer angelfish.”
- A Guide to Angelfishes and Butterflyfishes. Allen, G.R.; Steene, R. and Allen, M., pg. 208.