• Size

    6.5 feet (410 cm) in length, including its tail, and 4.6 feet (140 cm) in width
  • Diet

    Crabs, shrimp and shelled invertebrates
  • Range

    ndo-West Pacific from the Bay of Bengal to New Guinea, north to the Ryukyu Islands and south to Northern Australia
  • Habitat

    Inshore over sandy bottom in the open and near reefs

Physical Characteristics

Size

  • This is a large stingray reaching 6.5 feet (410 cm) in length, including its tail. It grows to about 4.6 feet (140 cm) in width. The newborn are about 8 inches (20 cm) wide.

Body Composition

  • The tail is long and slender (up to three times the body length), tapers to a fine point and has a single spine (or barb).
  • Snout is broadly triangular and the disc-shaped body is slightly longer than wide.

Color

  • Upper surface of the adult’s body and tail is sandy brown in color and covered in a pattern of closely spaced leopard-like circular brown to black rings.
  • Juvenile has gray to brown coloration with larger black spots.

 

Animal Fact

The leopard whipray’s tail can be up to three times its body length

Diet / Feeding

  • Leopard whipray feeds on crabs, shrimp and shelled invertebrates.

Range / Habitat

Range

  • Leopard whipray occurs in the Indo-West Pacific from the Bay of Bengal to New Guinea, north to the Ryukyu Islands and south to Northern Australia. It is not present in the Western Indian Ocean.

Habitat

  • This stingray is found inshore over sandy bottom in the open and near reefs.

Reproduction & Growth

  • This species is ovoviviparous.

Conservation Status

  • “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List.

Additional Information

  • Sometimes appears as by-catch in trawl nets, deep gill nets and hook-and-line fisheries.
  • Leopard whipray is valued for its meat, skin and cartilage in some locations.
  • Habitat destruction is also negatively affecting the leopard whipray.
  • Also known as Bleeker’s variegated whipray, and often mistaken for other similar species, such as Himantura fava and Himantura uarnak.

Sources

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