Unlike many other species of loaches, the reticulated hillstream loach is diurnal. It prefers to remain active during the day.
  • Size

    18.5 inches (47 cm)
  • Diet

    Aquatic insects at the surface, larval insects, crayfish, smaller fishes
  • Range

    Asia
  • Habitat

    Rapids and swift-moving streams with good plant cover

Physical Characteristics

  • Reticulated hillstream loach is black and yellow, spotted along the head and back. Spots run together along the sides to form long stripes.
  • Body is dorsoventrally flattened, and the pectoral and pelvic fins are wide and round.
  • This species grows to a maximum length of 2.2 inches (5.7 cm).

Animal Fact

The reticulated hillstream loach's body is dorsoventrally flattened, and the pectoral and pelvic fins are wide and round.

Diet / Feeding

  • Feeds on benthic crustaceans and algae.

Range / Habitat

  • Reticulated hillstream loach occurs in freshwater rivers in China, Vietnam and Cambodia, particularly the Mekong Basin.
  • Commonly found in rapids and swift-moving streams with good plant cover. Also found in deep pools and high-gradient rivers.

Reproduction & Growth

  • Males develop small spike-like breeding tubercles on the snout and on the pectoral fin rays.
  • When the female becomes receptive to a displaying male, she allows him to push her off the rocky bottom into the water column, where the two fish clasp each other’s fins before eggs and sperm are released.

Conservation Status

  • “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List.

Additional Information

  • Reticulated hillstream loach is listed as “Vulnerable” due to a decline of at least 30% between the years of 2000 and 2010.
  • The main threats to this loach are runoff from deforestation, habitat destruction due to dam building and overfishing.
  • This is a primarily diurnal species, unlike many other species of loaches.

Sources

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