The smallmouth grunt is a marine fish that occurs in the western Atlantic from southern Florida south to Brazil. This fish forms small groups and is reported to spend daylight hours on reefs and move into open water to feed at night.
  • Size

    9 inches (23 cm)
  • Diet

    Plankton, small crustaceans, mollusks and worms
  • Range

    Western Atlantic from southern Florida, the Bahamas, the Caribbean and the Yucatan south to Brazil
  • Habitat

    small schools over exposed rocky areas and coral reefs from near-surface to about 82 feet (25 m)

Physical Characteristics

Size

  • Reaches a maximum size of about 9 inches (23 cm).

Body Composition

  • It has a smaller mouth than other grunts.

Color

  • Smallmouth grunt has a bluish silver or silver-white body color with five or six yellow stripes.

 

Animal Fact

While too small to be considered a game fish, the smallmouth grunt is often caught by anglers to be used as bait

Diet / Feeding

Diet

  • Feeds mainly on plankton, small crustaceans, mollusks and worms.

Feeding

  • This grunt is reported to spend daylight hours on reefs and move into open water to feed at night.

Range / Habitat

Range

  • Smallmouth grunt is a marine fish that occurs in the Western Atlantic from southern Florida, the Bahamas, the Caribbean and the Yucatan south to Brazil.

Habitat

  • Found in small schools over exposed rocky areas and coral reefs from near-surface to about 82 feet (25 m). Sometimes seen sheltering in elkhorn coral and staghorn coral.
  • Juveniles are often encountered in turtle grass (Thalassia) beds.

Additional Information

  • Smallmouth grunt forms large schools around reefs in Florida.
  • It is too small to be considered a game fish, although its flesh is flavorful.
  • This species often is caught by anglers to be used as bait.

Sources

  • www.fishbase.org
  • Coral Reef Fishes. Lieske, E, and Myers, R.
  • Atlantic Coast Fishes – Peterson’s Field Guides. Robins, C.R., Ray, G.C. and Douglass, J.
  • McClane’s Field Guide to Saltwater Fishes of North America. McClane, A.J.
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