Size7.9 inches (20 cm)
RangePacific from Japan to Hawaii and coat of Florida
HabitatCoral-rich tropical waters
- Maximum length of 7.9 inches (20 cm).
- Characterized by long snout and large dorsal fin.
- Coloration is a bright yellow, though at night changes to a darker and more subdued yellow with a visible white lateral line.
At night, the yellow tang's bright yellow coloration changes to a darker and more subdued yellow with a visible white lateral line.
- Diet consists primarily of algae. Also feeds on macroalgae such as seaweed and occasionally eats types of zooplankton.
- Plays a crucial role in coral reef ecosystems by preventing algae from overtaking corals.
- Occurs in the Pacific from Japan to Hawaii. Also seen off the coast of Florida in the Western Atlantic.
- Found in coral-rich tropical waters at depths of about 1-266 (1-81 m).
- Spawns around the full moon in batches throughout the year, though mostly from March to September.
- Female releases about 40,000 eggs.
- Clear larvae are planktonic, eventually making way to coral reefs and crevices.
- “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List.
- Appears singly or in loose groups.
- Juvenile can be territorial.
- A diurnal species. Moves from place to place during the day. Rests alone at night in coral crevices.
- Though coloration appears bright to humans, it is negligibly different from the color of coral at common depths.
- Uses a scalpel-like fin defensively.