Found in relatively shallow water (less than 100 feet or 33 m) in the Indo-Pacific, the arc-eye hawkfish can often be spotted perching on rocky outcropping or coral – like a hawk in a tree!
  • Size

    7.8 inches (20 cm)
  • Diet

    Shrimp, small fishes, crab and other crustaceans
  • Range

  • Habitat

    Lagoons and seaward reefs

Physical Characteristics

  • A small, grouper-like fish.
  • Displays a range of colors from olive to reddish brown; generally darker dorsally.
  • Has a distinctive dark ring extending around and behind the eyes.
  • Can have a white stripe running horizontally along the side from mid-body to tail.
  • Maximum length of about 7.8 inches (20 cm).

Animal Fact

The arc-eye hawkfish is named for the distinctive dark ring around the eye.

Diet / Feeding

  • Diet consists of shrimp, small fishes, crab and other crustaceans.

Range / Habitat

  • Occurs in the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands, and Mangaréva Islands, north to Southern Japan, south to Australia and Rapa, and throughout Micronesia.
  • Found in lagoons and seaward reefs at depths of about 3.3-108 feet (1-33 m).

Reproduction & Growth

  • A sequential hermaphrodite: female may change gender and become male.
  • Male is territorial and maintains a harem of numerous females.
  • Spawning occurs at dusk.

Conservation Status

  • “Not Evaluated” on the IUCN Red List.

Additional Information

  • Often seen perching on the edge of coral heads or rocks, feeding during the day.


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