This striking angelfish is almost entirely black, with only the tips of its scales bearing a bright yellow coloration.
  • Size

    11 inches (28 cm)
  • Diet

    Sponges, algae, bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonian corals and tunicates
  • Range

    Western Atlantic Ocean
  • Habitat

    Subtropical shallow reefs

Physical Characteristics

  • Commonly 11 inches long (28 cm), can reach a maximum size near 16 inches (41 cm).
  • Adults are almost entirely black with yellow tints on the body scales.
  • Sub-adults will have some scale coloration, usually with two to three yellow bars.
  • Juveniles have many yellow bars on their bodies.

Animal Fact

Breeding pairs of foxface angelfish will defend their territory from other pairs.

Diet / Feeding

  • Diet consists of sponges, algae, bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonian corals and tunicates.
  • Juveniles serve cleaning stations, cleaning jacks, snappers, morays, grunts, surgeonfishes and wrasses.

Range / Habitat

  • Occurs in the Western Atlantic from Florida and the Bahamas through the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico to Brazil. In the Eastern Atlantic on Ascension Island and St. Paul’s Rocks.
  • Found in subtropical shallow reefs near sea fans at depths from 9-330 feet (3-100.5 m).

Reproduction & Growth

  • Oviparous and monogamous, as it has one mate at a time, but does not necessarily remain together permanently.

Conservation Status

  • “Least Concern” on IUCN Red List.

Additional Information

  • This species is usually found in pairs, and breeding pairs territorially defend their space from other pairs.


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