This striking angelfish is almost entirely black, with only the tips of its scales bearing a bright yellow coloration. It can be found in shallow reef environments throughout the western Atlantic and parts of the eastern Atlantic, often near sea fans. The french angelfish feeds on algae, sponges, marine worms, and some types of coral.
  • Size

    11 inches long (28 cm)
  • Diet

    Sponges, algae, bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonian corals and tunicates
  • Range

    Western Atlantic from Florida to Brazil
  • Habitat

    Subtropical shallow reefs near sea fans

Physical Characteristics


  • Commonly 11 inches long (28 cm), can reach maximum size near 16 inches (42 cm).


  • Adult is almost entirely black with yellow tints on the body scales.
  • Sub-adult will have some scale coloration, usually with two to three yellow bars.
  • Juvenile has many yellow bars on the body.


Animal Fact

Breeding pairs of foxface angelfish will defend their territory from other pairs.

Diet / Feeding


  • Diet consists of sponges, algae, bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonian corals and tunicates.


  • Juvenile serves cleaning stations, cleaning jacks, snappers, morays, grunts, surgeonfishes and wrasses.

Range / Habitat


  • Occurs in the Western Atlantic from Florida and the Bahamas through the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico to Brazil. In the Eastern Atlantic on Ascension Island and St. Paul’s Rocks.


  • Found in subtropical shallow reefs near sea fans at depths from 9-330 feet (3-100 m).

Reproduction & Growth

  • Oviparous and monogamous, as it has one mate at a time, but does not necessarily remain together permanently.

Conservation Status

  • “Least Concern” on IUCN Red List.

Additional Information


  • This species is usually found in pairs, and breeding pairs territorially defend their space from other pairs.


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