Size6 inches (15.24 cm)
DietSmall-sized fish, amphibians, fish eggs, insects, shellfish, small crustaceans
RangeCongo River basin
- Body is rounded and laterally compressed with an elongated snout, wide mouth and large eyes.
- Standard length is six inches.
- Coloration is patterned with a golden-yellow base and brown spots.
- One of the most colorful species of the Ctenopoma
- Exhibit spines on gill covers.
- Males tend to have more than females.
The leopard bushfish possesses a breathing organ (known as the labyrinth organ) that allows the fish to breathe atmospheric air to a certain extent.
- Predatory; diet consists of fish juveniles, small-sized fish, amphibians, fish eggs, insects, shellfish and small crustaceans.
- To take in food, it will open its mouth, suck in and swallow its prey whole.
- Patient predator often remaining still waiting for food to pass by.
- Mimic leaves and other aquatic debris while hunting their prey by turning its body completely vertical and bending its caudal tail.
- Occurs in tropical, freshwater throughout the middle Congo River basin in Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Central African Republic.
- Widely distributed from Malebo Pool, upstream to Boyoma Falls.
- Found from the lower Congo River just downstream of the Kinsuka rapids.
- Seen in several major tributary systems, including the Kasai, Lefini, Ubangi, Tshuapa, and Lomami.
- Oviparous; egg-laying species that are egg-scatterers.
- To breed, a pair will embrace and then release eggs and sperm.
- Adults exhibit no parental care after eggs and sperm are released.
- Eggs will float to the surface and hatch within 48 hours.
- Females may lay up to several thousand eggs.
- Build bubble nests for eggs.
- Thought to breed seasonally – spawning regularly for several months and then stop for several months.
- Fry survival rate is usually very low.
- Listed as “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List.
- Also known as, “Spotted Climbing Perch,” “African Leaf Fish,” and “Leopard Ctenopoma.”
- Scientific name derives from the Latin word acutusmeaning “sharp” and rostrummeaning “snout.”
- Typically live 5-10 years.
- Possess a breathing organ (known as the labyrinth organ) that allows the fish to breathe atmospheric air to a certain extent.
- Most active at night and often hides among thick vegetation during the day.
- Harmless to humans.