Size41 inches (104 cm)
DietCrustaceans and small fish
RangeIndo-Pacific from Southern African to Australia and Papua New Guinea
HabitatTropical shallow waters, inshore on sandy substrates
- Maximum length 41 inches (104 cm).
- Spade-like shape, predominantly brownish gray with elongated, thorny tail.
Ovoviparous. Eggs develop inside mother’s body and hatch inside. Animals are then born live.
- Diet consists of crustaceans and small fish.
- Occurs in the Indo-Pacific from Southern African to Australia and Papua New Guinea. Widely distributed, but patchy populations.
- Found in tropical shallow waters, inshore on sandy substrates commonly at depths below 164 feet (50 m), with a maximum recorded range at 328 feet (100 m).
- Ovoviparous. Eggs develop inside mother’s body and hatch inside. Animals are then born live.
- “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List.
- Southeast Asian population listed as “Vulnerable” due to fishing pressures for valuable skin.
- Other common names include “Jenkins Whipray,” “Brown Stingray,” and “Sharpnose Stingray.”
- Skin is highly valuable due to large thorns on tail.
- Caught with demersal tangle nets, bottom trawl and longline fisheries for its meat, cartilage and skin.
- T.E.D.s and other exclusion devices have greatly reduced bycatch of this species.